Friday, July 17, 2020

What to Do About Data Leaks

What to Do About Data Leaks What to Do About Data Leaks What to Do About Data LeaksYou can take all the right steps to protect your data, only to have it leaked when a giant companys servers get hacked. So what can you do?It’s June and you know what that means!Sure, summer cookouts, that’s true. But what else?Yes, Father’s Day, of course. But we’re talking about something that lasts the entire month of June.No, you already guessed summer cookouts! We’ll just tell you.It’s Internet Safety Month! That’s why we’re bringing you articles about online safety all month long.You may already know the basics of online safety. You’re careful not to respond to any suspicious emails. You never give anyone any personal information unless you’re absolutely certain who they are. You even help your elderly relatives avoid online scams.But you can’t stop everything. For example, what if a company you’ve given personal info to has a data leak? What can you do?Here’s what you can do.Find out if your data has been leaked.The bigger d ata breaches tend to make the headlines. If say, Facebook or Sony or Chase had massive data breaches, it would be front page news. Can you even imagine?If a company isn’t quite as big, you may have to do some of your own research to figure out if they’ve had a data breach.“Both morally and legally (in most places, although the United States suffers from an inconsistent patchwork of state laws in this regard) a company should alert the regulators and its users as soon as it becomes aware of a data breach,” explained privacy expert Doug Crawford  of  ProPrivacy.com  (@weareproprivacy).“Sadly, of course, it does not always happen. At the very least you can expect a company to contact its users once a data breach becomes public knowledge.“If it hasn’t and you might be affected, then you should contact the company to find out more information. No reputable source will publish lost or stolen data, and for all sorts of practical and moral reasons, it is not a good idea to go hunting for it yourself on the dark web! So just change all potentially vulnerable passwords, sit tight, and hope for the best.”Thankfully, there is at least one method to find out if your info is out there without having to trawl the dark web.“A good place to start protecting yourself from data breaches is by finding out in which data breaches your personal information has been compromised,” advised Steve Weisman, lawyer, author, and identity theft expert who writes at Scamicide (@Scamicide). “You can do this by going to the website, HaveIBeenPwned.com.”But even if you haven’t been officially “pwned” it’s not a guarantee that your data is safe.“It is hard to find out if your info was affected,” warned Mihai Corbuleac, a security consultant at ComputerSupport (@csITSupport). “There are websites that collect information about hacked email addresses, but their databases are limited to what has been made public in known data breaches.”Ultimately, if you think there’s a chance you’ve had your data leaked, you might as well act like it was.What to do when your data has been leakedOh no! You’re data may have been exposed! Is it time to fake your own death and start a brand new identity on an island somewhere?No. But it wouldn’t hurt to make some changes.“The first thing you should do if an account of yours may have been leaked or hacked is to change your passwordâ€"especially any passwords that you may use across different accounts,” urged Crawford.“You should then contact the company to find out if you are likely to have been affected by the incident, and if so, how serious it is. What data exactly is believed to be compromised? It may also be a good idea to contact your lawyer.”You’ll also want to be even more vigilant than you would be otherwise.“With your email address commonly known by many scammers, you can expect to receive more and more phishing emails and more dangerous, specifically targeted spear-phishing emai ls that attempt to lure you into clicking on links containing malware or try to convince you to provide personal information that can be used to make you a victim of identity theft,” warned Weisman.“Never click on links or provide personal information in response to an email or text message unless you are absolutely sure that the email or text message is legitimate.”Preemptive plugging.You’re a careful person. You don’t want to just react to leaks. You want to try to prepare for them or, if possible, avoid them entirely.Unfortunately, there’s only so much you can do.“There is not much you can do to prevent data breaches, especially as a service user,” acknowledged Corbuleac. “However, you should consider updating your passwords from time to time especially for those accounts that you use to send/receive payments, to invest (online trading services), etc.To simplify the process you could use a password manager to create and save unique passwords for each service you consider indispensable. Secondly, enable two-factor authentication, which is extremely useful in case your login information was compromised.”Weisman offered some additional tips for making sure your passwords are up to snuff:“One of the biggest lessons from the myriad of data breaches is to make sure that you use unique passwords for every online account that you have in order to avoid having a sensitive account, such as your online banking account, compromised because you use the same password as you do for another relatively meaningless account that had poor security which led to a data breach in which your password was stolen.“Creating and remembering strong, unique passwords for each of your accounts is not as difficult as it may appear. You can start with a strong base password constructed from a phrase, such as ‘IDontLikePasswords.’ Add a few symbols like ‘!!!’ and then adapt it for each account you have so that you will have a secure and easy to remember passw ord for each of your online accounts. Thus, your Amazon password could be ‘IDontLikePasswords!!!AMA.’“We are only as safe as the weakest places that hold our information so, as much as possible, limit the personal information you provide. Your doctor does not need your Social Security number although many ask for it.”There’s nothing fun about dealing with a data breach. We hope this advice makes it a little less painful to handle. To read more about protecting your information from scammers, check out these other posts and articles from OppLoans:How to Identify and Avoid Fake Tech Support ScamsExpert Roundup: 13 Signs You’re Being ScammedHere’s How to Keep Yourself Safe From Mail ScamsHow to Avoid Getting Insta-Scammed on InstagramDo you have a   personal finance question youd like us to answer? Let us know! You can find us  on  Facebook  and  Twitter.  |  InstagramContributorsMihai Corbuleac is an Information Security Consultant at  ComputerSupport (@csITSupport), an IT services company providing IT support and information security services since 2006.Douglas Crawford worked for almost six years as a digital privacy expert at  ProPrivacy.com  (@weareproprivacy). Douglas has been widely quoted on issues relating to cybersecurity and digital privacy in the both the UK national press (including The Independent and the Mail Online) and international technology publications such as Ars Technica.Steve Weisman  is a lawyer, college professor at Bentley University and author.  He is one of the country’s leading experts in identity theft. His most recent book is “Identity Theft Alert.”  He also writes the blog  Scamicide.com  (@Scamicide)  where he provides daily updated information about the latest scams and identity theft schemes.

Thursday, May 21, 2020

How To Use Angular Quotation Marks in Spanish

Spanish sometimes uses angular quotation marks ( « and  ») — often known as chevrons or guillemets or comillas franceses  and comillas angulares in Spanish — interchangeably with and in the same way as regular double quotation marks. In general, they are used much more in Spain than in Latin America, possibly because guillemets are commonly used in various non-English European languages such as ​​French. In all Spanish, however, quote marks of either the angular or regular variety are used much as they are in English, most often to quote from someones speech or writing or to call attention to words that are given a special or ironic use. The Difference in Punctuation The main difference between Spanish usage and that of American English is that added commas and periods in Spanish go outside the quotation marks, while in American English they go inside the quotation marks. A pair of examples show how these marks are used: Ninguna mente extraordinaria està ¡ exenta de un toque de demencia, dijo Aristà ³teles. /  «Ninguna mente extraordinaria està ¡ exenta de un toque de demencia », dijo Aristà ³teles.No extraordinary mind is free of a touch of insanity, Aristotle said.Tengo una hija. Tiene cuatro patas y maulla. / Tengo una  «hija ». Tiene cuatro patas y maulla.I have one daughter. She has four legs and meows. If you have a quotation within the words that are enclosed by angular quote marks, use the standard double quotation marks:  «Ãƒâ€°l me dijo, Estoy muy feliz ». He told me, I am very happy. Long (Em) Dashes and Paragraph Spacing Keep in mind that it is common when printing dialogue in Spanish to dispense with quote marks entirely and use a long dash (—), sometimes known as an em dash or raya in Spanish, to indicate the beginning and end of the quotation or a change in speaker. It isnt necessary — although its often done — to start a new paragraph for a change of speaker, as is usually done in English. No dash is needed at the end of a quotation if it is at the end of a paragraph. Different usages are illustrated in the following three example pairs: — ¡Cuidado!— grità ³.Careful! he shouted.— ¿Cà ³mo està ¡s? —Muy bien, gracias.How are you?Excellent, thank you.—Si quieres tener amigos— me decà ­a mi madre—, sà © un amigo.If you want to have friends, my mother told me, be a friend. In each of these cases, Spanish grammar dictates that the punctuation still belongs outside of the quotation signifier, except in the case that the sentence begins with a punctuation mark such as  ¡Cuidado! or  ¿Cà ³mo està ¡s?

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Essay about Jamaican Patois - 4705 Words

Jamaican Patois Jamaican Patois, otherwise known as Patwa, Afro. Jamaican, just plain Jamaican or, Creole, is a language that has been until quite recently referred to asungrammatical English.(Adams, 199 1, p . I 1) Creole languages are actually not unique to Jamaica, they are found on every continent although their speakers often do not realize what they are. The rest of the terms refer strictly to Jamaican Creole. Creoles are languages that usually form as the result of some human upheaval which makes it impossible for people to use their own languages to communicate. What people often refer to as the bad or broken-English of Jamaica are actually local Creoles that usually come about through a situation of partial language†¦show more content†¦They looked down on the newly arrived African slaves who spoke their indigenous tongues. To this day there is a strong awareness, even among those at the bottom of the social scale, of the difference between the city and country, especially the remote hill settlements.Bungo talk,is the term placed on the old-fashioned expressions and turn of phrase. The debate surrounding the use of Patois as opposed to Standard English includes a number of issues and dates back to the times of slavery when Jamaicans had Standard English presented as a superior language and the indigenous language was denigrated to an inferior status. Today, more than 90% of the 2.5 million people in Jamaica are descendants of slaves brought from western Africa by the British. English is the official language but, Patois is the local language and still holds its African roots (Pryce, 1997, p.238-9) Most people in Jamaican are somewhere along the continuum between speaking British Standard English and, the local Patois. There is a great deal of linguistic flexibility, depending upon who someone is speaking with, meaning, a Jamaican would probably use different language when speaking withShow MoreRelated Jamaican Patois and the Power of Language in Reggae Music Essay4989 Words   |  20 PagesJamaican Patois and the Power of Language in Reggae Music Introduction Creole languages are found all over the world on every continent. When two or more languages come into contact to form a new language a Creole language is born. Some type of human upheaval that forces people to find a way to communicate, without using their own languages, stimulates the creation of a Creole language. In the case of Creole languages in the Caribbean, the upheaval is the past history of slavery. Most CreoleRead MoreThe Unique Language of Jamaica887 Words   |  3 Pagessaid that Jamaicans have a unique language. Some may say Jamaicans do not have a language of their own. Jamaicans official language however is Standard English. However there has been much confusion in the language we speak because we sometimes or often times speak in what is called Patois, Creole or even Ungrammatical English. This however is not considered a language. Patois is not a native language, it is a second language. Patois is a combination of English and African languages. Patois howeverRead MoreThe English Language Examination Tests1848 Words   |  8 Pagesfavourable, again the report revealed the at there was a ‘serious issue of a lack of understanding of sentence structure’ and formatting. The report also revealed that there was a significant amount of ‘interference from the local creoles/dialects (patois) on the Standard English of a large number of candidates’(2013, 2012) affecting areas such as ‘non-marking of past tense, weak spelling and the use of pronouns’ (ibid, 2013). CXC (ibid) reports that most candidates ‘have not mastered the use ofRead More Comparing the History and Culture of The United States and Jamaica 1380 Words   |  6 Pageslegislative branch is a bicameral Parliament made up of twenty one appointed senators and sixty elected representatives. Lastly, the judicial branch consists of the Court of Appeal and the courts of original jurisdiction (Jamaica) In spite of this, the Jamaican government does not have to govern as many people as the United States’ government is obliged to. The entire country of Jamaica has an area merely of about 4,244 square miles and a population of approximately 2,825,928, with the most populous cityRead MoreThe Cultural and Human Elements of the Great Bob Marley’s Music1054 Words   |  5 Pagesand sung in Patois, an English Dialect spoken in the British Caribbean, mainly in the island of Jamaica. This human and cultural element of language is culture specific to the island of Jamaica since humans diffused and collaborated various languages to form the dialect of Patois. In a 1975 interview by Karl Dallas with Bob Marley, he stated, No, he cant unnerstand that, he says in an aside to Taylor. Thats a patois. Its not straight English you can write. Sometimes we sing in patois. I believeRead MoreCulture Analysis : Jamaica. Jamaica1394 Words   |  6 Pagesrural areas speak patois. Patois is a creole dialect with West African, Spanish, and French elements. The language today reflects the history of the country and its interaction with diverse mixture of cultures from many ethnic, and social backgrounds. The local language is a reflection of a history of contact with variety of speakers, but the official language remains to be standard English (Pryce, 1997). However many Jamaicans feel that if they devalue their native language of patois, then they areRead MoreLanguage As A New Trending Phenomenon2293 Words   |  10 Pagesof mine is patois. A language that originates from a rich history and is only truly spoken by the people of its original country, Jamaica. This country now has of 2.7 million people and is one of the most recognized compared to other islands in the Caribbean. A part of that comes from the language spoken in Jamaica. It gives the Jamaican culture a distinguishable aspect from many others. The language was developed in Jamaica when slaves where brought from Africa to the island. Patois started asRead MorePop Queen Rihann An Overview1405 Words   |  6 PagesBraithwaite (PartyNextDoor) a Jamaican native, Rihanna and Drake. It was also produced by a Jamaican Canadian named known as Matthew Samuels (Boi-1da), Allen Ritter and Sevn Thomas. Allowing her to be a widely_____. Inspired and sampled by a dancehall genre, â€Å"Work† by Rihanna is a love-related emotional song due to the standardized structure that has a repetitive baby talk, and glamour that brings in the commodity. However, â€Å"Work† is not speaking gibberish but Jamaican Patois. The song uses several instrumentRead MoreMy Roller Coaster Of My Life1078 Words   |  5 Pagesboth Standard English, and Patois, the language spoken by most Jamaicans. Here in the United States, speaking Patois made me different and an outsider. From personal experience, having a second language and an accent tends to result in frustration of not being understood and the feeling of stupidity when I am unable to correctly pronounce words like the people of the region. It was important for me to be able to be understood. In Jamaica, people equate speaking Patois to aggressiveness and beingRead MoreMy Life Is A Coaster Inside Of A Maze889 Words   |  4 Pagesfluent in both Standard English, and Patois, the language spoken by most Jamaicans. Here in the United States, speaking Patois made me different and an outsider. From personal experience, having a second language and an accent tend to result in frustration of not being understood and the feeling of stupidity when I am unable to correctly pronounce words like the people of the region. It was important for me to be able to be understood. In Jamaica, speaking Patois is equivalent to aggressiveness and

Century Free Essays

The 14th century was anything but pleasant for the people living In Europe at the time. There were so many factors and conditions that ultimately helped pave the way for the Renaissance. I will focus on the key influences during this period that contributed to the development of this â€Å"rebirth†. We will write a custom essay sample on Century or any similar topic only for you Order Now The most significant impact that you must address right off the bat Is, the Black Death. With the plague wiping out nearly one-third of Rupee’s population, this catastrophe led to many economic, political, social, ideological, and cultural changes. Before getting into details of conflicts of the middle ages, I think it is important to know that In the beginning of the 14th century the medieval warm period had ended which resulted in a â€Å"little Ice age†. The climate had gotten colder and the farmland was becoming less fertile because of soil unrest from generations using the same land. The Malthusian Crisis was a prediction that ultimately became true–the population of Europe had gotten too large and there wasn’t enough available resources. Hunger and famine caused a big spike in the death rate and as things were starting looking pretty grim, then comes the plague.. The Black Death is believed to have arrived in Europe by sea in October 1347 when Genomes trading ships docked at the Sicilian port of Messing after a long journey at sea (the pathogen Yearly’s Pestles supposedly carried In certain Infected rodents had transmitted the disease). People ready to greet the ships were shocked to see a bunch of dead and diseased sailors. It didn’t look good whatsoever. The victims showed strange black, oozing swellings about the size of an egg or an apple In the armpits and groin, Before anyone could try and quarantine the sick, it was too ate. Merchants and marmots would help spread this deadly disease, making no one have any idea knew where it was coming from or why it was happening. It is believed that since the plague spread so quickly, the infection had to airborne which was the biggest Issue. Once the disease reached the lungs of the malnourished, It was then spread to the wider population through sneezes and coughs. The sick suffered severe pain and died quickly within five days of the first symptoms. Pneumonia plague which targeted your respiratory system would kill 95% of people within 2 says, and If you were said to have skepticism plague, your bloodstream Is directly Infected leaving you with no chance. Before you know It, graveyards throughout Europe were filling up and towns had to make mass burial pits to help rid the dead bodies. It came to the point where it was basically considered ordinary to be burying a family member quite often. All these problems along with confusion, led people to start questioning life and what they did to deserve all this. The mall question the plague had everyone asking themselves was, why are we being punished by god? Since the church was always their only answer, citizens needed a new reaction. Before the Black Death hit Europe, almost all things including elements of daily life, were under the Influence of the church. In medieval times the most Important thing was that the church had always told people right from wrong. Since the afterlife was judged more importantly than ones actual lifetime, it was considered 1 OFF salvation. A result from that were the Flagellants. Flagellants began as a militant pilgrimage for religious extremists who demonstrated their religious passion and ought self-punishment for their sins by vigorously whipping themselves in public as displays of penance. Who in their right mind would even do that? As the Black Death is taking over, the public believed it to be a punishment from God and now they have to pay. Conditions were so bad that they felt as if turning toward the church for help as they always do, was no hope. How could they find a solution when even the priests and bishops were dropping dead like flies from the plague too!? So it couldn’t be that God was mad at the general public, however more specifically mad at the church. In return, the Catholic Church lost a lot of its influence and for many people, their view of the world changed significantly. The Italian peninsula (mostly Florence at the beginning) was pretty much the center of the newer learning at the time because they had wealth, religion, and many eager people ready to stop living strictly everything by the church. Francesco Patriarch (1304-1374) lived in Avignon, which was an international community of lawyers and churchmen at the papal court, which was where he copied ancient works including Tulips Cicero (106-BOB. C. ). This rediscovery of Latin antiquity began a fascination on reviving and revitalization classical learning. Cicero ultimately led Patriarch to see in a classical philosophy, a guide to life based on experience. Patriarch’s successors found and copied manuscripts including writings from Sophocles, Constantinople, and certain libraries. His use of Roman ideology attracted Giovanni Biostatic, a Florence leader during this time who adopted his ideas and even turned away from writing in the medieval tradition to the classical tradition. This all helped ignite a large focus on humanism, an alternative approach to knowledge and culture. This helped lean away from Scholasticism, which was narrow-minded insistence on traditional doctrine at the time. Scholar’s most respected sources and ideas were being spread throughout Europe as a response to the standard educational program that focused only on logic and linguistics. As citizens of Florence and the surrounding areas in Italy were overcoming the Black Death, they experienced a great awakening in self-awareness. They desired to become closer to God and take pride in their humanity. Writers during this period soused on individualism and artists sought to make their artwork more realistic. The Medici and the papacy, who became the greatest patron in Rome, gained an interest in art that reflected both human and religious qualities. Painters started creating man in the image of God and helped to humanism religion, and revealed the self- worth and beauty of oneself. With all of the new learning taking place because of conditions that faced Europe in the 14th century, people’s lives started to get back together. Instead of only focusing on agriculture for the main source of food, animal husbandry arose which also had a positive health impact. Since the population had plummeted, there was plenty of food and resources to go around. At this point, the public did not have to spend as much time worrying about where their next meal is coming from, but perhaps more time thinking about creative aspects in life such as painting, acting and inventing. The 1 5th century held Johannes Gutenberg to invent the printing entire world. If it weren’t for the harsh realities of the 14th century, the Renaissance may have not had such a lasting impression as we know it to be. How to cite Century, Papers

Wednesday, March 18, 2020

The Effects Of Steroids On Muscle Training Essays - Free Essays

The Effects Of Steroids On Muscle Training Essays - Free Essays The Effects Of Steroids On Muscle Training What are steroids? Steroids are synthetic chemicals that mimic the hormones produced by the body. Hormones control bodily functions and are separated into various classifications such as adrenal, cortical, cardiac, bile salts, vitamins, and sex hormones. Anabolic steroids that build muscle tissue are classified as sex hormones and they stimulate the action of the male sex hormone testosterone. When testosterone is released at the appropriate time it has the natural effects of creating body size, bone size, body hair, sex organ maturation, and muscle tissue development. They often have many different trade names or brand names. Commonly used anabolic steroids are Anavar, Sustanon, and Dianabol. Anabolic steroids are prescription-only medicines. They are not controlled under the misuse of drugs act. It is not illegal to possess them for personal use. It is an offense to supply them. They can only be acquired from a chemist with a doctor's prescription. In addition, there is a large illicit market in anabolic steroids. The primary use of anabolic-androgenic steroids is in replacement therapy for male testosterone. Other medical uses include growth promotion in certain forms of stunted growth, osteoporosis, mammary carcinoma, animas, and hereditary angioneurotic edema. The use of various physical and chemical aids in performance enhancement has been a feature of athletic competition since the beginning of recorded history. The ancient Greeks ate sesame seeds, bufotenin was used by the berserks in Norwegian mythology, and the Andean Indians and the Australian aborigines chewed, respectively, coca leaves and the pituri plant for stimulating and anti-fatiguing effects (Bowman, 1980). Athletes have used anabolic steroids to enhance appearance and performance for years. The first ergogenic use of anabolic-androgenic steroids was reported back in the 1950's among weightlifters and bodybuilders. Bowman reported that one-third of a sample of elite track and field athletes in Great Britain admitted to systematic anabolic-androgenic steroid use by 1972 (Bowman, 1980). Silvester reported that 68% of a sample interviewed at the 1972 Olympic Games from 7 different countries, and who were competing in such diverse activities as throwing, jumping, vaulting, sprinting, and running up to 5000m, admitted to having used anabolic-androgenic steroids (Bowman, 1980). Although it was actually suggested early in 1973 and stressed later, it is now evident that the use of anabolic-androgenic steroids is not limited to the elite athletes but has now trickled down to the amateur, professional, college, high school, and even junior high athletes. Due to the estimated prevalence of non-med ical anabolic-androgenic steroid use and the implications for society and public health there were several scientific meetings set up. Moreover, a technical review at the National Institute on Drug Abuse in 1989 was set up, and both federal and state investigations to reclassify anabolic-androgenic steroids as controlled substances despite arguments from the American Medical Association. Patterns of anabolic-androgenic steroid use among athletes have been determined from several surveys. Hickson and Kurowski interviewed 24 weight-training athletes at a gymnasium in a metropolitan area of the southwestern United States. The Subjects surveyed took a combined steroid dose of four to eight times the recommended medical dose, Used more than one anabolic-androgenic steroid at a time, which is known as stacking, and combined the use of intravenous and oral anabolic-androgenic steroids (Hickson, 1986, p. 465). Although Hickson and Kurowski questioned a specific sample of anabolic-androgenic steroid users, they concluded that their subjects seemed to be representative of the type of athletes who used anabolic-androgenic steroids. Two other groups of people also conducted very similar surveys and found that their subjects were also taking well over the recommended medical dose. In 1990 Baldoenzi and Giada conducted a survey and found that 110 out of 250 weightlifters he interviewed in several gymnasiums in the metropolitan Chicago area, many of, which had no intentions of being competitive, also used a variety of anabolic-androgenic steroids. 50 weightlifters were interviewed in detail, a majority had no competitive interests in weightlifting, bodybuilding, or any other athletic event just used the steroids because they wanted to. Baldoenzi and Giada concluded that anabolic-androgenic steroid abuse had reached alarming proportions in noncompetitive athletes (Baldoenzi, 1990, p. 205). The Buckley survey in 1988 suggests that one-quarter to one-half million adolescents in the United States has used or

Monday, March 2, 2020

Word Choice Made vs. Maid

Word Choice Made vs. Maid Word Choice: Made vs. Maid The title of the 2002 Jennifer Lopez romcom Maid in Manhattan is a pun. Not a very funny pun, but then it wasn’t a very funny movie either. So at least it’s consistent on that level. And â€Å"made† and â€Å"maid† do indeed sound the same while having different meanings, so it is, undeniably, a pun. JLo is pictured here trying to think of a better title.(Poster/Film: Columbia Pictures) However, if you’ve not seen the movie and   don’t get the joke – or if you’re simply worried about mixing up the words â€Å"made† and â€Å"maid† in your writing – check out our guide to how these terms work below. Made (Past Tense of Make) The word â€Å"made† is the simple past tense and past participle form of the verb â€Å"make.† As such, we use it when something has been â€Å"produced,† â€Å"constructed,† â€Å"achieved,† or â€Å"carried out.† For example: The horn made an unpleasant sound when he blew it. They made the tower from glass and steel. We have made great progress in the last week. I made the phone call first thing this morning. We also see this term used adjectivally sometimes. Usually, this will refer to how something was made, such as in the terms â€Å"handmade† (i.e., made by hand) or â€Å"self-made† (i.e., made without help). Even in these cases, though, â€Å"made† refers to the idea of being produced or constructed. Maid (A Female Domestic Servant) The noun â€Å"maid† is a name for a female domestic servant, typically in a house or hotel. For instance, you might hear someone say: The maid comes in once a day to clean the room. You’ll see it used alone and combined with various other terms, depending on the work done by the woman or girl in question Common examples include â€Å"chambermaid,† â€Å"milkmaid,† and â€Å"handmaid.† This is because, in the past, people used â€Å"maid† as a general term for an unmarried or virginal woman, so it had a wide application. However, this is not true in modern English, so you are unlikely to see it used so widely now. Summary: Made or Maid? These words have very different meanings, so you won’t want to mix them up in your writing. Remember the following distinction: Made is the simple past tense and past participle of the verb â€Å"make.† Typically, then, it means something like â€Å"produced† or â€Å"carried out.† Maid is a noun meaning â€Å"a woman or girl who works as a domestic servant.† If you struggle to tell these words apart, keep in mind that â€Å"made† is only one letter away from â€Å"make.† So if you can remember â€Å"make,† you should be able to remember what â€Å"made† means, too. And if you need any more help with the spelling in a document, we’re always here to help.